Addiction overview: theories of addiction in attempting to explain why people become dependent on drugs, a variety of different approaches have been taken neuroscientific theories require an understanding of the effects of drugs on the brain recent research suggests that long-term tobacco-smoking may cause. Approach is “atheoretical” – a diagnosis does not depend on a particular theory of psychology or a theory of etiology (where a disease comes from) the dsm just looks at behaviors you can see or symptoms or experiences that a patient reports through an interview the asam definition of addiction does. The new disease theory will officially proclaim as its essence that (a) genetic or biological factors are not the cause of addiction, and (b) there are several factors causing addiction, including other diseases like most chronic diseases, addictions are not progressive some addictions will remain stable while. The etiology of substance abuse, must recog- nize the multifactorial determinants of the various drug abuse disorders therefore, the first consideration for improving prevention outcomes is the recognition that single-factor approaches ( eg, boosting self-esteem, di- dactic education, assertiveness training, etc) will inevitably. These theories are described and evaluated in this chapter as they apply to all kinds of addictions they are organized into sections on genetic theories ( inherited mechanisms that cause or predispose people to be addicted), metabolic theories (biological, cellular adaptation to chronic exposure to drugs),. As research in this area continues, we may learn some theories are more applicable to specific types of addiction psychopathological model of addiction and recovery implications: the psychopathological model sees mental disorders as the cause of addiction these disorders might include cognitive difficulties, mood.
The purpose of this paper is to outline a new theory of drug abuse, that is, the cultural- identity theory it seeks to inform substance abuse etiology by understanding how individual (ie, micro) and environmental (ie, meso and macro) phenomena influence the construction of drug-related identities and drug abuse. Similarly, there are genes that influence the consequences of the use and abuse of substances the university of utah suggests, for example, that there is a gene that can cause less severe withdrawal symptoms from drugs like barbiturates this is a gene that could, in theory, allow people to take in more barbiturates and. Traditional theories of addiction included in the discussion is how an addiction philosophy or theory is an abstract framework that organizes the concept of substance misuse into a set of fundamental intuitive principles as such, any theory antisocial behaviour is normally a consequence of addiction rather than a cause.
Dual diagnosis theories study after study has suggested that mental illnesses and drug addictions go hand in hand for example, the national institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism's national longitudinal alcohol epidemiologic survey found that those with a history of alcohol problems were more than four times more. Identify the likely causes and correlates of drug use there are multiple factors that have been identified that contribute to the development of a substance use disorder however, no one factor, or no one set of factors will affect all individuals similarly or explain drug use completely the utility of etiological theories are often.
That defy simple explanation or description a tangled interaction of factors contributes to an individual's seeking out, using, and perhaps subsequently abusing drugs since more individuals experiment with drugs than eventually develop substance abuse problems, great interest persists in understanding what differentiates. According to cognitive (or expectancy theory), addictive behaviors are chosen over healthy behaviors due to our expectations when a person expects the pros and cons of addictive behavior favorably outweigh the pros and cons of healthy behavior, they will choose addiction for example, someone may (mistakenly). This raises the problem of addiction, which remains a disease of modern society this review offers a comprehensive update of the different theories about the etiology of addictive behaviors with emphasis on the neurobiological, environmental, psychopathological, behavioural and genetic aspects of addictions, discussed.
Alexander believes that the rat park experiments demonstrate that animal self- administration studies provide no empirical evidence for the theory of substance- induced addiction the closing of rat park left unresolved questions as to the cause of addiction and the reason.
A general theory of compulsive consumption elizabeth c hirschman this article reviews and integrates recent theories of addiction drawn from a diverse set of disciplines-consumer behavior, medicine, sociology, psychiatry, and psy- chology-to provide a comprehensive framework for understanding the etiology. Be key factors in the formulation of theories regarding the etiology of drug abuse physiological influences that may exacerbate an individual's vulnerability to drug abuse could include neurochemical system impairment and heightened susceptibility to a drug because of biologically determined responsiveness although. Multiple factors such as genes, stress, depression, anxiety, personality types, and brain reward systems all influence the etiology of substance use and mental in other words, the familiar nature vs nurture theory or the diathesis stress model both affect a person's vulnerability diathesis refers to a predisposed genetic.